Welcome to the sixth entry of This Week in Southern History.
1895: Booker T. Washington, a Black educator who advocated the advancement of his people through entrepreneurship and enterprise in lieu of agitation, met with Southern White leaders in Atlanta. The “Atlanta Compromise,” as it was called, consisted of Southern Whites allowing Black education to be funded from the North, and Blacks agreeing not to agitate for “civil rights.”
No matter the feasibility or lack thereof of Washington’s plan, it was never enacted. After his death in 1915, activists became more powerful among the Black population, leading to the “Civil Rights Movement” of the late 20th century.